The Clash of Cultures at Cardoba

Maré, Estelle
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The Southern African Society for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (SASMARS)
The purpose of this research is to examine the evidence that an existing architectural monument offers regarding the effect of the conflict during the Conquista, followed by the period of Arab rule in Spain, which was terminated by the Reconquista. The theme of the article is medieval violence and counter violence manifested in the stages of development of the Great Mosque at Córdoba and its transformation into the Church of Santa Maria. I will deal with the ethical issues at stake in the behaviour of the Arabs and Spaniards in Córdoba during the conquest and reconquest of a sacred site, which through several centuries became a theatre in which religious emotions were aroused and resulted in unresolved loss in an anti-cathartic way. What happened at Córdoba is an object lesson to all multicultural societies in which the dominant group revenges itself upon the cultural artifacts of a subjected group, not an uncommon occurrence in the history of architecture.
The Clash of Cultures at Córdoba,1017-3455,The Southern African Society for Medieval and Renaissance Studies.