## Female Charisma: Ritual, Symbol and Power.

In 1993, when Hillary Rodham Clinton delivered her testimony on new legislation she was spearheading as the chair of a Presidents Task Force on National Health Care reform, she started off by saying im here as a mother, a wife, a daughter, a sister, a woman. Im here as an American citizen concerned about the health of her family and the health of her nation. For two hours she answered questions from committee members. Members of Congress applauded the testimony and were impressed by her knowledge of the intricacies of the health care system and by the fact that she had not needed notes or consultation with her secretaries. She writes: ... I realized that some of the laudatory responses ... were just the latest example of the talking dog syndrome?.... Theres a similar thought attributed to Dr. Samuel Johnson by Boswell: Sir, a woman preaching is like a dog`s walking on its hind legs. It is not done well; but you are surprised to find it done at all. (Clinton 1890)